20th September, 2020

A Short History of Plumbing

History of plumbing

Plumbing has come a long way since the days of ancient Greece and Egypt! From the first aqueducts with clay pipes, to outdoor plumbing and the indoor plumbing that we know and love today, a lot has changed. And we’re so grateful to be living in a time with such advanced plumbing technology!

It’s impressive with what we can do with plumbing today. And while we might find it frustrating when our plumbing doesn’t work regularly – we can’t imagine living without our fantastic plumbing technology.

So let’s take a look back at a brief history of plumbing and how we got to 2020!

Ancient Plumbing & Clay Pipes

Some of the earliest examples of plumbing have been found in Mesopotamian areas (now Iraq) as early as 4,000 BCE. The clay pipes that were excavated appear to have been designed to remove wastewater and capture rainwater in wells.

Archaeologists haven’t yet found any evidence of earlier examples of interconnected fired clay sewer pipes in history. So we can be pretty sure that clay was the first product used in plumbing.

Copper Pipes in Egypt

Nearly 1,500 years later in around 2,400 BCE, copper piping first appeared in ancient Egypt. The purpose of Egyptian plumbing was to move water from the Nile to nearby crops and for other agricultural purposes.

Ancient Roman Aqueducts

Jumping forward to ancient Rome, we see the first appearance of widespread lead pipes and the origins of the word ‘plumber’! And we see the first instances of plumbing being designed for sanitation and personal conveniences.

During the Roman Empire archaeologies have found expansive systems of aqueducts, tile wastewater removal and the widespread use of lead pipes.

The latin word for ‘lead’ is plumbum – sounds familiar? With all the lead usage in drains and pipes, we can see this is where our modern-day word for plumbers has come from!

When the Roman Empire fell, so did the improvements of sanitation and water supply.

It wasn’t until nearly 1,000 years later with the rise of modern day, densely populated cities that the need for an improved waste disposal system became necessary to prevent widespread public health issues and disease control.

Plumbing & Public Health

The modern-day plumbing systems were built out of the necessity to control epidemic outbreaks, more so than it was for the conveniences that we take for granted today.

Did you know that the typical family in the Dark Ages lived in a one bedroom flat with a dirt floor? All the family had in the way of plumbing, was a chamber pot for human waste, which was simply dumped outside after each use.

chamber pot - the history of plumbing

Water was scarce, so bathing and washing clothes was rare.

These were the conditions that contributed directly to the Black Plague, which was responsible for killing a third of the European population.

Without adequate sanitation, the Great Fire of London in 1666 has been seen as a blessing in disguise, as it (sadly) not only took the lives of likely thousands of people (shockingly, only 6 deaths were officially recorded!). But this disaster cleared out the garbage, waste and disease ridden rodents that occupied London and spread the disease. This has been the main contributor to effectively ending the plague.

The development of underground water and sewer systems eliminated open sewage ditches and cesspools that were common in large cities such as London and New York. This was mostly a public health driven cause to reduce commonly occuring outbreaks in largely populated areas – the convenience of this was simply an added bonus!

And since then, outbreaks of disease in developed countries have been made easier to control as basic sanitation (running water and effective waste collection) is a key part of keeping disease at bay.

Modern Day Plumbing

Plumber with tools in bathroom


In 1596, the first flushing toilet was developed in England by Sir John Harrington. Nearly 200 years later in 1775, the modern toilet that you’d recognise was developed by Alexander Cummings. The difference between these two designs was that Cummings’ prototype included a water trap and S trap allowing some water to stay in the bowl – which meant the water would no longer smell like sewage and could be easily cleaned after use.

In 1891, a name you may know, Thomas Crapper, (what an appropriate name!) improved upon this design with a valve-and-siphon design to revolutionise the loo!

As we know during WWI and WWII science advanced quickly, and plumbing wasn’t missed! Potable water used lead piping for many years until it was discovered during WWII that it could result in lead poisoning. It was at this time that copper piping was introduced (or we should say-re-introduced) after first being used in ancient Egypt!

Due to a shortage in copper from wartime efforts, non-metallic and plastic pipe systems were first introduced. Since then, there’s been a lot of science to go into the types of plastic materials for plumbing to increase strength, sanitation and longevity of underground plumbing systems.

Plumbing 2011 – Enter Emu Plumbing

Into the 21st century, when we launched Emu Plumbing, plumbing technology has progressed immensely, and it’s been happening quickly!

Today’s modern plumbing and tools include a huge array of cameras, water jetting, cutting and lining systems to ensure that our plumbing can run as smoothly as possible, without causing major disruptions to your day to day life.

Modern technologies we take for granted that save us time and money:

    • Hot water systems – get heated water straight to your home without the wait!
    • Water jetting – quickly clear out tree roots, debris and grease build ups from your pipes without having to dig up the surrounding areas
    • Pipe relining – trenchless repair of damage to your pipes using the latest technology in patch and inversion relining.
    • Robot Cutters – yes we have robots now! This technology uses high powered air driven cutting heads to cut through almost anything that’s hindering your plumbing pipes.
    • CCTV – find out exactly what’s happening in your plumbing using drain cameras to record and navigate your plumbing.

    So now every time you have a hot shower, a glass of clean water or use any appliances that use water – you can think about how lucky we are to have it and how it has progressed 🙂

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    • “Emu Plumbing used latest technology combined with their considerable experience to creatively problem solve”

      We cannot fault Tony and the team at Emu Plumbing. We had a very complex reline of a long combine sewer that had plagued us for decades. Emu Plumbing used latest technology combined with their considerable experience to creatively problem solve over four days of hard yakka. It was over 36 degrees! The team were professional, courteous and went the extra mile to do the job. After three days on site they left the place clean and tidy as if they were never there. We would recommend Emu Plumbing without reservation.

      ⭐ ⭐ ⭐ ⭐ ⭐

      Alan and Lesley C
    • “Thank you so much for a hassle free pipe repair”

      Emu plumbing were the most prompt and competitive in pricing for an under slab pipe repair; which a few other companies actually declined as it was quite a complicated job. Tony from Emu Plumbing attended site with a “can do” attitude and completed the job after a long and tough day. I returned home to find the work area spotless. Thoroughly recommend Emu plumbing. Thank you so much for a hassle free pipe repair.
      ⭐ ⭐ ⭐ ⭐ ⭐
      Jason G
    • “Tony from Emu plumbing restored my faith in people.”

      Tony from Emu plumbing restored my faith in people. I contacted him after being quoted $13K to fix our sewer line by another company. Tony spent time with me on the phone going through all possible options to address this issue more economically. He then offered to come and inspect the sewer line at no cost. It turned out we did not have to do anything. Tony has found in us a client for life instead of a quick buck. We would be recommending him to all our friends and family.

      ⭐ ⭐ ⭐ ⭐ ⭐

      Tim C
    • “I am, and will continue to recommend Emu Plumbing for any re-line and general plumbing work.”


      We had a particularly tricky job on a site with extremely difficult access. Tony and Niles quickly investigated and set forward to fix the issue. When plan A didn’t go exactly to plan Tony took full control and delivered a brilliant outcome. He arranged machine access through our fully landscaped property, went over and above to ensure the problem was fixed, and left our property almost as he found it. I am, and will continue to recommend Emu Plumbing for any re-line and general plumbing work. Their customer service second to none.

      ⭐ ⭐ ⭐ ⭐ ⭐

      Mark M, Cooper Property Group
    • “The team arrived on time and completed their work with obvious care and skill”

      We are extremely happy with the work of the team.  Alistair, Niall and Tye arrived on time and completed their work with obvious care and skill.  They were happy to show us the progression of the work and left the site clean and tidy.  Also, The guy who did the initial inspection and quote displayed similar professionalism (sorry I didn’t remember his name).  They are all a credit to your firm.

      ⭐ ⭐ ⭐ ⭐ ⭐

      B & J Hancock
    • “In a league of your own! ”

      Both Iréna and I wish to convey our most sincere thanks for you and your team’s swift and professional resolution to our recent plumbing challenges. We could not praise Alistair and Niles more highly for their incredible technical capabilities, their client focus and their well developed interpersonal and communication skills.

      It has been an absolute pleasure dealing with such a progressive organization as Emu Plumbing. What this rather long-running issue that we have been grappling with over several years, and having engaged numerous other “so-called plumbing professionals”, has proven to us is that there are plumbers and then there is your team….in a league of your own!

      ⭐ ⭐ ⭐ ⭐ ⭐

      Richard G
    • “Honest and upfront on saving me money”

      Professional and polite tradesmen. Honest and upfront on saving me money by suggesting alternative solution (dig up ended up being cheaper than reline). Will definitely use them again in future.

      I was impressed with them providing photos of the job as it progressed all packaged up.

      ⭐ ⭐ ⭐ ⭐ ⭐

      Alex W
    • “Definitely will be using Emu again!”

      Great detailed information on the drain inspection report! Definitely will be using Emu again.

      ⭐ ⭐ ⭐ ⭐ ⭐

      Luke S, Go Green Solutions
    • “Do yourself a favour and call them!”

      Tony and the team at Emu Plumbing are amazing! Emergency sewer issue – no problem. His team leader, Niles, turned up the next day. Friendly, approachable, great communication, knowledgeable and hard working. Caved in sewer line was jetted to clean & clear, patch inserted and cured, in the end a hard clean clear pipe – like new. Problem fixed same day, and at a very fair price. I can’t recommend this company enough. Do yourself a favour and call them!

      ⭐ ⭐ ⭐ ⭐ ⭐

      Andrew H
    • “Professional, responsive, competitively priced”

      Highly recommend these guys.
      Professional, responsive, competitively priced and were very thorough in their investigations and repair. The team worked tirelessly all day, went the extra mile and stuck by their quote on job completion. I will definitely use Emu Plumbing again.

      ⭐ ⭐ ⭐ ⭐ ⭐

      Adam L
    • “Great to see a company these days taking responsibility for they workmanship.”

      I called Emu Plumbing to fix a broken pipe that was causing my stormwater to flood my neighbours yard.
      They came out, fix a problem, when it was discovered that there was another issue they fixed it no charge. Great to see a company these days taking responsibility for they workmanship. Thank you Tony and the team!

      ⭐ ⭐ ⭐ ⭐ ⭐

      Chris M
    • “Fast, responsive, knowledgeable and honest”

      Tony and team were excellent – fast, responsive, knowledgeable and honest – what more could you ask for in a tradie. Definitely recommend, and will use them again.

      ⭐ ⭐ ⭐ ⭐ ⭐

      Ted B
    • “Emu Plumbing won't let you down”

      If you are reading these reviews, trying to find an honest and reliable team, Emu Plumbing won’t let you down.

      Tony and his team are brilliant, they cleared and patched a severely broken storm water pipe under our carport. Niles & Jason were on time, professional and left the site clean and tidy. Can’t recommend highly enough!

      Thanks Tony & Emu team! 

      ⭐ ⭐ ⭐ ⭐ ⭐

      Harry S
    • “Team rectified the broken pipes and relined them to an extremly high standard on time and on budget.”

      Tony and the Emu team repaired and relined some underslab pipes that had stakes put through it on a new build. Tony was very responsive and even worked with me on potential fixes for other issues that I had. His team rectified the broken pipes and relined them to an extremly high standard on time and on budget.

      Tony provided before and after photos which was great and provided excellent reassurance that the work had been completed as required. Would not hesitate to use Emu plumbing again and even my builder has saved Emu’s details as he was unaware this type of repair was possible.

      Would recommend to anyone for prompt and profressional service.

      ⭐ ⭐ ⭐ ⭐ ⭐

      Dan S
    • “The Emu team arrived, promptly commenced work, and completed it with a friendly and approachable professionalism over 7 hours”

      Our plumbers had recommended Emu Plumbing as the best in the relining business. The Emu team arrived, promptly commenced work, and completed it with a friendly and approachable professionalism over 7 hours. Their quote was competitive, detailed and inclusive of explanation on how the process would be undertaken without excavation, allowing us to feel comfortable from the get-go.

      The work was to repair and reline our main stormwater line under our concrete house slab, their investigation found damage had occurred during the concrete pour some 25 years prior. Luckily, we’d not had significant issues during these years, just a slow build-up in hefty storms. With our job successfully completed, we now feel assured that we can handle any stormwater that comes our way….. good work, Tony and the Emu team.

      Steffen P

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